How To Assemble Mechanical Keyboard

Assembling a mechanical keyboard can be daunting, but it can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience with the proper guidance and tools. This complete guide will take you through the step-by-step process of assembling a mechanical keyboard. Whether you’re a seasoned lover or a beginner, this guide is designed to give you the information you need to make your mechanical keyboard successful.

Before diving into the details, let’s take a moment to understand what a mechanical keyboard is and why it is a popular choice. A mechanical keyboard is a sort of keyboard that utilizes individual mechanical switches for each key instead of a rubber dome membrane like traditional keyboards. This design offers several advantages, including better tactile feedback, improved durability, and customization options.

Now that we understand the basics, let’s move on to the steps involved in assembling a mechanical keyboard.

Step 1: Gather Your Tools and Parts

The first step in assembling a mechanical keyboard is to gather all the necessary tools and parts. Here is a list of items you will need:

  • A PCB (printed circuit board) or a pre-assembled keyboard
  • Switches
  • Keycaps
  • Stabilizers
  • A soldering iron
  • Solder wire
  • Desoldering pump (optional)
  • Tweezers
  • Flush cutters
  • A keycap puller
  • Lubricant (optional)

Make sure you have all these items before proceeding with the assembly process.

Step 2: Prepare Your PCB 

The PCB is the heart of your mechanical keyboard, where you will solder your switches. Start by placing your buttons on the PCB, ensuring they are aligned correctly. Once you are satisfied with the placement, start soldering the buttons individually. Be careful not to overheat the switches or the PCB.

Step 3: Install Switches and Stabilizers

The next step is to install switches and stabilizers onto the PCB. To do this, start by aligning the controls with the holes on the PCB and pressing them into place. Please make sure they are straight and fully inserted. Then, add the stabilizers to the larger keys like the spacebar, enter key, shift keys, and backspace key.

Step 4: Attach Your Plate 

The plate is the metal or plastic piece on top of the PCB and helps secure the switches. Attach your plate to the PCB, ensuring the controls and stabilizers fit snugly in their corresponding slots. Use your screwdriver to secure the plate in place.

Step 5: Solder the Switches

Once the switches and stabilizers are in place, it’s time to solder them onto the PCB. Heat the soldering iron and apply it to the pins on the button, then touch the solder wire to the pin and pad to melt the solder. Once the solder cools down, it will create a permanent connection between the switch and the PCB. Repeat this process for all the buttons on the PCB.

Step 6: Add Keycaps

Now that the switches are soldered, adding the keycaps is time to start with the larger keys and work towards the smaller ones. Use a keycap puller to replace the old keycaps with new ones.

Step 7: Test Your Keyboard

Once you have installed all the keycaps, it’s time to test your keyboard. Plug it into your computer, and try typing. If any keys don’t work correctly, you may need to re-solder the switch or check for other issues.

Step 8: Customize Your Keyboard

One of the best things about assembling a mechanical keyboard is the ability to customize it to your liking. You can add custom keycap switches and even design your PCB. The possibilities are endless, and the community offers various resources and inspiration for customization.

Preparing Your Workspace for Keyboard Assembly:

Before you begin assembling your mechanical keyboard, it’s essential to prepare your workspace to ensure you have enough room and a clean, organized area to work in. Here are some stages you can take to prepare your workspace:

  • Clear a large, flat surface to work on
  • Gather all the necessary tools and components you’ll need for the assembly process
  • Organize your details in a logical order to make it easier to assemble them
  • Ensure you have adequate lighting and ventilation in your workspace
  • Put on any safety gear or protective clothing you may need, such as gloves or safety glasses

Testing and Troubleshooting Your Mechanical Keyboard:

After you’ve finished assembling your mechanical keyboard, testing it to ensure everything works correctly is essential. Here are some stages you can take to try and troubleshoot your keyboard:

  • Connect your keyboard to your computer or device and test each key to ensure it registers correctly
  • Check that all the LEDs on your keyboard light up correctly
  • Test any extra features or functions on your keyboard, such as media keys or programmable macros
  • If you encounter any issues, refer to the manual or online resources for troubleshooting tips or contact the manufacturer for support.
  • Disassemble your keyboard to diagnose and fix problems like loose connections or damaged components.

The Pros and Cons of Building Your Mechanical Keyboard



One of the most significant advantages of building your mechanical keyboard is the ability to customize it fully. You can select from various switches, keycaps, and layouts to create a keyboard tailored to your preferences. Additionally, building your keyboard allows you to add custom lighting, programmable macros, and other features that may not be available on pre-built models.

Learning Experience

Building a mechanical keyboard from scratch is a great way to learn how keyboards work and assemble. This knowledge can be helpful if you ever need to troubleshoot or repair your keyboard. Additionally, building a keyboard can be a fun and rewarding experience, allowing you to feel a sense of pride and achievement once you’ve completed your project.

Cost Savings

Building your mechanical keyboard can be more cost-effective than buying a pre-built model. While the initial investment in tools and components may be higher, you can often save money in the long run by only purchasing the parts you need and avoiding the markup associated with pre-built models.


Time and Effort

Building your mechanical keyboard can be a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. Depending on your experience level, assembling your keyboard may take several hours or even days. Additionally, you may need to troubleshoot and make adjustments along the way, which can further prolong the process.


Building a mechanical keyboard requires a certain level of technical knowledge and skill. If you need to familiarize yourself with electronics or soldering, you may find making a keyboard overwhelming or intimidating. Additionally, selecting and installing the right components can be complex and demand a lot of research and experimentation.

Warranty and Support

When you build your mechanical keyboard, you typically will have a different level of warranty or support than you would with a pre-built model. If something goes wrong with your keyboard, you’ll be responsible for troubleshooting and repairing it yourself. Additionally, you need more confidence in building a reliable and functional keyboard. In that case, you may end up with a product superior to a pre-built model in terms of performance and durability.


Assembling a mechanical keyboard may seem daunting at first, but with patience and attention to detail, it can be a rewarding and satisfying experience. Following the steps in this guide, you’ll be well on your way to building your custom mechanical keyboard.

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